When it comes to charging your electric vehicle, you have plenty of options for where you can do this – depending on what fits in most conveniently with your daily routine and suits your needs at any given time. In fact, as you’ll either be charging at home, your place of work, or a charging station nearby, you won’t have to drive far out of your way – as is often the case with refuelling at a gas station.
You also have options when it comes to how fast you charge. And although there are various different charging and connector types that may seem a little confusing at first, the actual process of plugging in an EV to charge is as quick and simple as charging up your mobile phone.
Charging at home
This is the most common, convenient and cost-effective way for motorists to recharge their electric vehicle. It does require off-street parking, although on-street residential charging is becoming increasingly common. You’ll also need a home charging point if you don’t already have one. Government grants for installation are available in Ireland. Once installed, all you have to do is plug in your EV when you get home and it will be fully charged by the morning! In Ireland, Kia have partnered with Wallbox, so visit wallbox.com for more.
Charging at work
More and more companies now offer on-site workplace charging to employees – incentivised again by government grants and enhanced capital allowances. That’s excellent news for millions of EV drivers who can conveniently charge up their electric vehicle just outside their office over the course of their working day.
Charging out and about – at public charging stations
Here in Ireland there are 1,100 public charge points in an extensive island-wide network, allowing for cross-island travel. There are approximately 1,000 22kW chargers (standard), and more than 80 50kW chargers (fast). You can find a DC 50kW charger every 60km on major inter-urban routes. The ESB are investing in the current network to improve reliability and a new app will be launched providing additionally functionality including access to chargers. For more information on the ESB charging network, visit esb.ie/ecars
Not all cars have the same types of charging connector. But once you know which one you have, the rest is extremely simple! There are two connectors to consider: the one that plugs into your car, and the one that connects to the power source. The particular ones you use will depend on your specific model of EV, where you’re charging (at home, work or a public charging station), and the charging type.
There are three main types (or modes) of EV charging – rapid, fast and slow. And four main types of connector – Type 1, Type 2, Combo (CCS) and CHAdeMO.
|Type 1||Type 2||Combo CCS||CHAdeMO|
|KIA NIRO PLUG-IN HYBRID||
Each charger type has an associated set of connectors which are designed for low or high-power use, and for either AC or DC charging. But in practice, you only need to make sure you’re using a charging point with a connector that fits your electric vehicle. When purchasing an EV, your dealer can provide advice on which type of home charger best suits your needs. The table above shows the cables that are used with Kia vehicles. When you purchase on of these vehicles, they will come supplied with a Type 2 cable.
While your location, connectors and charging time may vary, the principle is always the same simple one: Park up, plug in … and that’s it!
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