● Battery electric vehicles
The vehicles are powered entirely by electricity. They use an external outlet to charge their onboard batteries while they also have an internal way of charging called regenerative braking. The e-Niro and e-Soul fall into this category, offering an all-electric and zero-emissions powertrain.
● Hybrid electric vehicles
This type of electric car combines a conventional internal combustion engine with an electric motor. The electric powertrain serves to achieve either better fuel economy or better performance than a gasoline-powered car. The cars use the electric motor to start, and then the petrol engine kicks in for more power or higher speed. The battery is recharged through regenerative braking.
● Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles
These vehicles are powered by both petrol and electricity. Owners can recharge the battery through both regenerative braking and plugging-in to an external electric charger. They typically run on electricity for shorter journeys, and the conventional power source is needed for longer trips.